We did this amazing story about one of the worst american football games in history. Every population of tortoises on all the islands. He was their counter protesting and he says that at one point they went after National Park buildings and they were attacking the ranger stations with molotov cocktails. So Darwin's finches In short, Darwin! That's what I thought. For instance, add up as picking the lafayette of the nostrils of the baby birds and what we're starting to see is that they're beginning to consume them. There's no place, no matter how remote we get, you can go to the North Pole, it's been affected by human activity. But then Sonia told me something really surprising. And the medium tree finch is just a bit slower. By the ocean of breath twice, I remember I carried your oxygen. The medium tree finch has patrol that boundary. This is Radio Lab, and today elements. We are dedicating a whole hour to the Galapagos archipelago, the place that inspired Darwins theory of evolution and natural selection. Normally a female goat would be in heat for maybe a couple of days. And the goats that were out there were gorgeous, You know, they had curled horns, different coloured fur, just beautiful animals and they've been there for 500 years, some people were concerned with goats have their own if you will right to be there. They introduced goats to Galapagos, but on islands like Isabella, which is this massive island size of Rhode island, The goats were actually penned into just little part of it Because there was this black lava rock that ran across the island, extremely rough lava that's extremely difficult to walk across 12 miles of it. It's called scandia sharpie thing. But a high school girls volleyball team is redefining what it means to play together. The interview originally from a podcast called The Relentless Picnic, but presented by one of Lulus current podcast faves, The 11th is part of an episode of mini pep talks designed to help us all get through this cold, dark, second-pandemic-winter-in-a-row. But it's an average. You know, on average 50% of your genome comes from your mom and 50% from your dad. In fact one guy spoke with Harry Green. I hope not. And then dropping to the ground, the last goat or two might sort of run into a area where it's impossible to reach. She sees a small group of birds who have mixed up jeans hybrid cluster some genes from the small tree finches and some from the medium tree finch is what does that mean? I don't know I'm not sure many other people think about that. Report for Radio Lab. It's hot, it's bright. WebThe audio for this video comes from NPRs RadioLab - I do not own the rights to this. Whereas the numbers were very small for the medium tree finch and smaller for the small tree finch, wow, I dare say that sounds kind of hopeful. And so you end up flying around in an expensive helicopter, not fighting any goes Now the way we deal with that is an interesting one. She thought, God why can't I tell these finches apart? I worked for island conservation and I'm based here in the Galapagos islands carl's actually the guy who showed me those tortoises, it was just a, it was a barren landscape, barren, barren grounds. Shopify powers millions of entrepreneurs from first sale to full scale every 28 seconds. Climate change seems to mean that a lot of species are Pretty much doomed, 30%, 40%, 50% of the species now on the planet in a few decades maybe disappearing. Now most of these plants are actually probably harmless and you know like you said Galapagos national park they spend tons of money, tons of time trying to keep invasives out. This one, which first aired in 2014, tells the strange story of a small group of islands that keeps us wondering: will our most sacred natural landscapes inevitably get swallowed up by humans? Yeah. Well, there's there's a couple of clues that say maybe, Yeah, for example, when you look in the nests, they seem to have fewer parasites and they seem to have more babies that survive 15%. This kind of eradication program was far beyond anything that anyone had ever done anywhere in the world Because it turns out they weren't just doing this on Isabela Island? Not worse. Yeah, that that was a very unexpected discovery, takes a couple steps to get there, but just to set it up back in 2000, she was on floreana island for the first time. But compared to the medium tree finch is they are because the medium tree finch is were on the brink of extinction. I mean that's what I thought. What is the color of the pacific ocean when you look out the plane window? Nearly 200 years later, the Galpagos are undergoing rapid changes that continue to pose and perhaps answer critical questions about the fragility and resilience of life on Earth. 24 June 2012. WebWNYC is America's most listened-to public radio station and the producer of award-winning programs and podcasts like Radiolab, On the Media, and The Brian Lehrer Show. So she would end up relying on their songs. This next part, it's about how far we're willing to go to get something back that we've already lost to restore a place in a creature to its wild state. This is carl Campbell. And Arnaud told me that this year small tree finches so far we had only two nests with fledglings and all the others were dead. It was breath taken. But the interesting thing was from year to year it got more difficult. At first nobody had any idea what kind of creature it was. We talk about going from weeks to hours, two minutes, two seconds at its core artificial intelligence for me has always been about decision support. But then at the same time the tourism economy has been taking off and so all of these fishermen, they find that it's easier for them to actually survive by using their boats to take tourists around island island. You could see the marks where it was just chopped up. Set up a little expat community and started breeding with the locals. This is a field of four. The place that inspired Charles Darwin to create his theory of evolution, whose basic ingredients are lots of time, isolation and then constant change. People sent in dozens of tortoises but linda took one look at them and was like no, no no, no they weren't pinto's. Ariane wack pat, Walters and molly Webster With help from Bowen wong. James says they kept going back combing the island with highly trained toward of sniffing dogs. And the question is, what's our responsibility? We thought about the worst years ever and all through that listener support was one of the things that kept us going. So carl kept mulling this problem, what would it take to basically make you know, the perfect judas goat. And how far are we willing to go to return a place to what it was before we got there. It is about enabling the key actors, the bridge engineer to do their work more effectively more efficiently. They throw a few extra tortoises overboard. Humans. The goats become quote educated. Is there any time scale we should worry about. Sutherland was the engineer pilot and a sharp shooter 2004, 3 to 2000 and six. These tortoises are only found here. They're not exactly and they put them on Pinta and they're just chomping away right now they're living out their lives really happily on pinta. Penta is was a very special place. just a boom rod. They kidnapped some people, including some of my crew and they even killed dozens of tortoises, slitting their throats. They would crush you to death. He says that when he first got to the Galapagos in the eighties, he couldn't believe that the place was real. I'm not going to say it wandering jew basic house plant. What's, what's going on you? So linda when she first went to Galapagos to study these tortoises about 30 years ago I did a trip where we backpacked around the caldera. Now the Galapagos government spends millions of dollars checking all of the goods that come in and out trying to quarantine the ones that might have things that are a problem. She's a researcher at the Charles Darwin foundation. There is music under the breaks. We've done so much on the show since last summer. We will stay tuned. Uh but they ultimately were infertile. It has a terrible common name in english. Initially it was carl's suggestion was goats, gregarious and like being in groups, they're herd animals. Um, me and Brooke, they make announcements and at a certain point, the flight attendants, they open up all of the overhead bins and they walk up and down spraying some sort of insecticide for what for like invasive species. full access to Shopify his entire suite of features. Listen to this special series on the United States of anxiety wherever you get podcasts. So for starters they put up all these traps. She says, you have islands with massive volcanoes and forests, tree ferns that grow, you know, well above a human sight. WebRADIOLAB Galapagos Aired in 2014, this episode describes some of the challenges faced by the Galapagos islands to protect their local species. Yeah, she's opening a box with some of the birds, that little benson is the finches. I thought you were gonna say people, it was kind of a collaboration. But at the time the immediate question was, are there any more because if they could find a female for George, then they could, you know, maybe de extinct the species. You're saying this pinto DNA was on another island. He was so joyful to have lost. Yeah, the results of this were absolutely impressive. Radiolab is supported by listeners like you. And she told me that researchers recently did a survey of finch nest, four different species on two islands and all research groups found about 95% mortality in the nest, 95% of the babies were dead. Oh my God, there are these three massive tortoises just clustered together under a tree. So how big a problem is this? IBM is using artificial intelligence technology to help businesses solve real world problems such as extending the life cycle of our world's critical infrastructure. In any case for about 40 years. We're still trying to figure that out. But then one evening in March of 1972. And that is how they go from 90% go free to 91 to 92 to 93 to 94. Am I losing my touch? They sterilize them and put them on pinter. This is Augustine Lopez's longtime fisherman. Oh my God, they ate the whole back of this little finch. I sold car, who's your candidate? They take 39 tortoises raised in captivity and they use them as placeholders. It wouldn't notice that you were there. WebRadiolabGalapagos Rebroadcast 2017. I can see the sea cargo ships going by and we have drones flying that are taking thousands of pictures of every angle of that bridge that no human could actually quickly process without artificial intelligence. Joint Review And what makes it so perfect for tortoises is in the dry season in Galapagos, the guru, a which is a very, very thick mist comes onto the island. That's Shopify dot com slash radio lab. No Bocelli the incumbent one. So I'm just going to step in to play an episode that well, if I'm honest, it's just one that I felt like hearing and running again at this moment. He wasn't curious. He just kind of points. We went live on the radio that was so fun. Now of course there are no female tortoises on pinta but they thought you know, maybe a zoo somewhere private collection has one because you really never know. And that's where I thought oh something's changed in the system. I call it the phoenix blodgett. So Carl Campbell figured out a technique where we could sterilize them in the field. Well these are very purist sort of visions. Were all great apes. On the one hand, the tortoises needed help. We're God, we might as well get good at it and we're going to have to create these ecosystems based on our best science. No. 23 Weeks 6 Days You just put your hands around. That's. Going back. Oh for sure. So nature has a boys now has the boys. Well the honeymoon's over Galapagos. It would look almost the same but much shorter. The ideal judas goat, if you will is a goat that would search for and be searched for and that would never get pregnant. You know, it might be like the planes just covered with buffalo or maybe the Serengeti desert with Lines and elephants. So they did it. And that's also why when we think of evolution, we think of the Galapagos and in particular we think of two iconic creatures, the tortoise and the finch. So in 2009 they come up with a stopgap. Three tree finch species, the small, the medium and the large, and we went out and we set up our miss nets and we caught the birds and we measured them. I began my work in Galapagos in 1981. I just came in second. So now they had a dilemma. You can just take the best pinta tortoises you find and put those on Penta and you know over the next 200,000 years they will evolve into a pinto tortoise and it could be a bit different than the past pinta tortoise because evolution and mutation and all that doesn't occur the same. 179 years later, the Galapagos And those are really interesting ideas, but at some point they're gonna get hungry and they're going to start eating all the other things that you know, you treasure, like the occasional tourists in any case after endless planning and meetings took eight years, I think they commence project Isabella. And this became one of the, one of the most important pieces of evidence that, you know, when animals would move from one place to another, they would begin to differentiate based on very, very important. They can live for over 100 and 50 years. It rolls over this forest and it catches in the branches of the trees. What's that? It's like so cynical. Hosted by Latif Nasser and Outside of WNYC, I think This American Life does as well, and I know enthusiastic fans transcribed Serial. We were really starting to get kind of desperate about options. Scientists had to find clever ways to help the turtles on the island! See do you just spell fulanis down? Listen, wherever you get your podcasts, I'm john, I'm robert Krulwich, this is Radio lab today, a whole hour on the Galapagos islands. Created in 2002, Radiolab began as an exploration of science, philosophy, and Transcript. He's adorable. This is to control the population. They kept them around. If they're going to release sterilized male flies into the wild, they have to be able to raise millions of these flies in the lab and they're trying like crazy showing me all of the larvae that hatch today and four baby flies that had just hatched and these little cups. I've got my thing over here and you got your thing over there. The whalers and pirates would often take goats that they brought with them and throw them onto the islands that way when they're on their way back and sick of eating tortoises, they could grab those goats. pennsylvania f5 tornado, bates grandchildren wiki,

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